What To Know About Law Enforcement

When it comes to law enforcement, there are many different branches that serve a wide variety of duties. Some people get confused when they hear things like “The Secret Service fights counterfeiting.” This is true, but that doesn’t stop local police from collecting evidence or following up leads if counterfeit money occurs.

There are many ways that law enforcement duties overlap between agencies, and all law enforcement has a duty to serve the public and uphold the law, but as the following article shows, there are many different branches that come under such a general term.

The Local Police
The local police are just that: police officers or “cops” who take care of law enforcement duties on a local level. This could be for a county, a town, or a suburb depending upon the area and how precincts are divided. They are normally first on the scene of any reported crime, and do a lot of the legwork and help coordinate with other departments when necessary.

State Patrol
The State Patrol is often the next level of police. This unit is unique to each state and these officers aren’t centered out of just one town or place. They have the full authority and range to keep the peace and see to law enforcement duties in any part of the state.

This can range from things as small as speeding to much more serious crimes like assault, theft, or murder.

The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)
This is a federal agency that focuses on enforcing drug laws. They have the authority to run operations in any U.S. state or territory, and when drug cases are involved they have jurisdiction over local authorities. However for maximum success, the DEA will often work on tips or information from local law enforcement to combat meth, heroin, cocaine, and other serious illegal drugs.

The Department of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firarms (ATF)
The ATF is responsible for enforcement of laws regarding alcohol, tobacco, and firearms. This includes illegally smuggling cigarettes, bootlegging, and any firearm offenses. This is a broad field and you will often see the ATF working in conjunction with other agencies on any given case.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
The FBI is seen as the big organization when it comes to “the feds,” and there’s good reason for that. From forensic testing on murder cases to profiling serial killers and even investigating potential domestic terrorist threats, the FBI sits on the top when it comes to serious law enforcement agencies.

FBI offices are found in every single state and most major cities. Duties can vary based on the area, cases being worked on, and specialties of the individual agents.

The Border Patrol (Immigration)
The border patrol is responsible for enforcing immigration laws and fighting both smuggling and illegal immigration. They often work with the DEA as a lot of smuggling is done with drugs, so they need to be armed and prepared to deal with possible drug smuggling.

The Coast Guard
The Coast Guard fits that line between military and law enforcement. They protect the nation’s waters, perform rescue missions in even the worst of weather conditions, and in extreme cases can even be called on to fight piracy, smuggling, or for defensive purposes.

Specialty Law Enforcement Agencies
There are multiple law enforcement agencies that would fall under the category of “specialty” agencies. This includes groups like the Secret Service who are mainly responsible for the protection of the President of the United States and other high ranking officials as well as fighting counterfeiting rings.

Then there are MPs, or Military Police. These officers perform all the duties of a police department but specifically deal with crimes on military bases or crimes that involved soldiers.

In Conclusion
Law enforcement takes many different shapes and forms and is just one part of the larger legal system that includes attorneys, judges, and a wide variety of workers at every level from the local to the federal. Understanding even a little bit of law enforcement and how it is divided will help you to gain an overall appreciation for them and their mission to uphold the law and do their best to protect the general public.

When it comes to law enforcement there might be a lot to do, but there are plenty of agencies up to the task!

Understanding Law Enforcement

As a law-abiding citizen, it is imperative that you understand the nuts and bolts of law enforcement. Law enforcement is an umbrella term that best describes the individuals and agencies tasked with the responsibility of enforcing laws and maintaining public safety and public order. Law enforcement also encapsulates the detection, investigation, and prevention of crime. Thanks to law enforcement individuals and agencies, persons suspected of breaking the law are apprehended and detention. Due to the integral role law enforcement plays to any functional society, it would suffice to say law enforcement is the backbone of peaceful and functional societies. Various law enforcement individuals and agencies are tasked with different jobs depending on the type of mission, its size, and jurisdiction. Below are various law enforcement agencies;

Federal law enforcement agencies

Some of the biggest federal law enforcement agencies that employ law enforcement personnel that are authorized to make arrest and carry fire arms include in the US include; Federal Bureau of Prisons, U.S Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and the FBI. Primarily, federal offices are tasked with criminal investigations, security and protection, police response and patrol, inspections, corrections and court operations.

State and local law enforcement agencies

There are various types of state and local law enforcement agencies that include;

Local police – Local police officers mainly get their authorities from the local government that created it. Local police officers include the county, tribal, regional, and municipal police. Local police officer have the duties of providing patrols, enforcing the laws of the jurisdictions and investigation local crimes.

Deputy Sheriffs- Sheriffs are entrusted and given authority by the state to enforce law and order at the local county level. A deputy sheriff’s duties include serving warrants, running the local jails and responding to calls for service even in area outside local police jurisdiction.

Highway patrol – As their names suggestive, these individuals are tasked with the responsibility of highway patrols but they can also offer statewide investigations. Mostly, the highway patrol officers are also state police.

Special Jurisdiction police- Law enforcement individuals for special jurisdiction provide specialized police services for defined areas. These areas include schools, hospitals, parks, housing authorities, transportation assets, and government buildings.

Tools for law enforcement

There are various tools that law enforcement officers use in order to do their jobs more effectively. These tools can be physical objects such as firearms, first aid kits, or flashlights. As a good law enforcement officer, one is supposed to know how to use law enforcement tools skillfully.

There are also law enforcement equipment for law enforcement officer. These law enforcement equipment include; vehicle entry tools, flashlights bolt cutters, elevator keys, pro bars, battering rams and pry bars. Some of the law enforcement tools also include a variety of weapons. Law enforcement weapons can be categorized into two; non-lethal and lethal ones. The non-lethal include pepper spray, mace, stunt guns and batons. The lethal weapons, which are mostly firearms, include; rifles and automatic handguns. Specialized law enforcement branches such as the SWAT use weapons such as tear gas and Tasers, sniper rifles and shock grenades.

Law enforcement tools and equipment are used differently depending with the situation at hand. In the event of an accident, weapons might not be handy compared to having a first aid kit. For an officer to effectively use the tools and equipment of law enforcement, they must have skills like weapon skills and communication skills.

Technology and law enforcement

Technology has touched every facet of human life. The law enforcement has not been spared either. In order to ensure that law enforcement individuals and agencies perform their duties effectively, they have embraced technology in their law enforcement activities.

Technologies such as integrated biometric identification has significantly helped law enforcement officers to fingerprint almost instantly find out who the detainees are who they say they are.

Technology such as laser scanning has also contributed greatly in untangling crime scenes. Thanks to technology, many puzzling crimes have been solved. Cyber sleuthing is another great form of technology that has helped solve crimes and seize lawbreakers. Deleting a scandalous message or email from a computer will never go undetected if law enforcement offices get a suspects computer.

Personal Injury: What Cops Must Know

For individuals that have recently been in an accident of some type, where some type of bodily injury has occurred, the extent of their injuries may not make it possible for them to be able to function to a normal capacity. It is for this reason that they may seek to have some type of compensation that can accommodate them when they are not able to work. There will also be medical bills that they will have to pay for, all of which may be far beyond their reach, especially without a regular paycheck coming in. This is why so many people turn to St. Louis injury lawyer who are experts in this field, professionals that are capable of helping people that are in these types of circumstances and do not know what to do. So that you know what to expect, if this is a situation that you are in, let’s take a look at personal injury law.

An Overview Of Personal Injury Law

What you should understand first of all is that personal injury is not simply delegated to physical problems that you may be dealing with. Personal injury also accounts for mental or emotional problems that may have developed after the incident has occurred. It can also apply to different types of personal property that you own that were damaged, and for which you would like to receive some type of compensation for. Therefore, the term personal injury does not only pertain to the injured person proper, but damages that may have been done to things that they own as a result of intentional actions, recklessness, negligence and carelessness of another human being.

Three Types Of Injury Actions

There are three types of actions, or what would be more properly construed as three parts, that must be considered when it comes to personal injury. There is a legal duty between the person that has caused the damage, otherwise known as the defendant, and the person that is injured. The injured party, the plaintiff, will be filing the lawsuit because of what is called a breach of duty. If this legal duty has been breached, and damage has occurred, all three of these elements create what is called a personal injury. Because the law says that no one person or people may harm another, this means that those that have done wrong, intentional or not, are open to some form of liability. This could be anything from someone trying to harm you, or an accident that happened such as someone not paying attention while they are driving, all of which can lead to a personal injury lawsuit where the injured party can receive some type of compensation.

Elements of Negligence

The next thing to address are what are called elements of negligence which can occur as a result of nursing home abuse, professional malpractice, premises liability and motor vehicle accidents to name a few. The injuries that most people endure have to do with some type of reckless or negligent conduct by another person, although sometimes it is intentionally done. What a lawyer will have to do, or you will have to do on your own, is to prove five specific things. Referring back to the injury actions above, the defendants duty of care, the defendants breach of that duty, the actual causation, proximate causation and actual damages all need to be determined. This is something that is nearly impossible for the average person to properly present within a court setting, which is why finding a lawyer is what most people do. But as an individual, there are a couple of things that you definitely can accomplish on your own, things that must be done in order to have a chance at winning your case.

What To Do If You Are Injured

Once the injury has occurred, it is important to get an immediate medical treatment. This is not only for your personal health and safety, but so that you have a documented account of what has occurred. It is one thing to say that you are injured, and quite another to have a medical professional clearly state in documentation that something definitely has happened to you. Once you have this evidence, you can then pursue a course of action that will involve using a lawyer that can find witnesses that can substantiate what occurred, helping you to develop your case. It’s also good to have a police account of what has happened, especially with car accidents. Once they have written a report, this can also be submitted for evidence along with your doctors personal injury report. Where most people fail to help themselves is not getting these two things done. They might wait a couple days, and during that time their injuries could get worse, and the viability of their argument can diminish, something that could lead to losing the case.

Finding A Personal Injury Lawyer

The final step of the process is to seek legal counsel of some sort, an individual or law firm that is experienced with tort law. This particular branch of law is designed to help those that have been wrongly injured, and can lead to compensation of some sort that can help for both physical and emotional injuries. It should be stated that emotional duress that is caused by an incident is much harder to prove unless there is some form of psychological information provided by a trained psychologist or psychiatrist. Those that are physically injured, however, are almost always are indeed some form of compensation, at the very least to compensate them for time lost at work, damages done to personal property and of course paying for hospital bills that could be quite large.

With this basic overview of how personal injury law works, if you are facing a situation where you are unable to function because of an injury that you sustained while driving, at work, or due to the negligence of someone in a random situation, you should certainly get treated medically, report the incident to the police if necessary, and find a personal injury lawyer that can look at your case and use the information that you will gather right after the event in order to help you achieve some type of settlement for your injuries.